Explore the upholstery and frame options available for this piece at the bottom of this page.
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Iconic but yet as ethereal as if Marcel Breuer had made it by magic. Nonetheless, the B40 chair was born out of a new design idea: Breuer simply rotated his Bauhaus stool by 90 degrees to create it. The resulting B40 became the epitome of Bauhaus modernism, which revolted against heavy furniture and all that was bulky. The catalogue of Breuer’s “Standard Möbel” furniture company describes it as follows: “Fabric-covered tubular steel furniture offers all the comfort of well-upholstered furnishings without their weight, expense, cumbersome bulk and unhygienic qualities.”
It’s well worth letting your eyes roam and take a closer look at the fine connections between the steel tubes. El Lissitzky said: “Only inventions will determine form creation.” These inventions lay firstly in using the elastic properties of steel and tube bending, and later in flattening the tube for greater resilience. Two essential factors for the development of the cantilever chair based on a new spirit of the times: floating and flying.
The B40 therefore stands out for the details that transform its cubic shape into elegance. A geometry that follows the body. The backrest is slightly inclined to support the lower back, ending in an arch that makes the chair easy to transport. Perhaps unnecessary in terms of design, the double struts on the front are aesthetically pleasing and provide added stability, creating a rhythmic accent, as if Breuer had been making crystalline music – and not a highly versatile chair.
Marcel Breuer (1902-1981) opened up completely new avenues for the furniture industry with his brilliant idea of applying the principles of lightweight bicycle construction to furniture design. “My flight of fancy – which came to me whilst cycling in a train of thought that led from the handlebars of my bicycle to the engineering of tubular steel furniture – quite unexpectedly spread across the globe,” wrote Marcel Breuer in 1937. His tubular steel furniture became the epitome of elegance and lightness in a world facing major changes – which thus resembles ours in many ways. The B40 allows us to physically experience this moment in time.
The Bauhaus Archive in Berlin has officially licensed the B40 from Tecta as an authentic Bauhaus production, made to the exact proportions of the original design.
- Marcel Breuer, Hungray (1926)
- Nickel-Plated Steel frame with selected textile or leather straps
- Made in Germany
- Height 88cm / 34.6"
- Depth 57cm / 22.4"
- Width 45cm / 17.7"
- Seat Height 47cm / 18.5"
- Notes Nickel-Plated Steel will slightly patina over time. Includes plastic and felt glides.
Tecta B40 Options
In the 1920s the first tubular steel furniture by Marcel Breuer and Mies van der Rohe was produced using nickel-plated steel frames, which at the time was state of the art technology. This tradition is why Tecta still produces the original Bauhaus models from that era with nickel plating.
Nickel plating slightly patinas over time giving it an organic feel and has a warmer appearance than chrome or stainless, however Tecta also offers matte-finished V2A stainless steel on some models.
All Tecta steel tube frames are produced completely in Germany and Italy - including the galvanization process - in accordance with EU environmental directives.
Kvadrat Hallingdal 65
By Nanna Ditzel
Kvadrat’s first textile ‘Hallingdal’ has become the archetype of woollen textiles. The very durable upholstery fabric was originally designed in 1965 by Nanna Ditzel, and is now available in a version with an updated colour scale: Hallingdal 65.
Hallingdal 65 is made of wool and viscose, which complement each other well: the wool provides excellent durability and flexibility, whilst the viscose adds brilliance and depth to the colour. Both materials are dyed before they are spun, which highlights the rich texture of the fabric.
- 100% New Wool
- Made in Norway
Durability Rating 100,000 Martindale
Pilling Rating 3-7
Lightfastness Rating 7
Kvadrat Harald 3
By Raf Simons & Fanny Aronsen
A closely-woven, very short-pile velour, Harald brings the fresh, soft texture of cotton to a directionless velvety textile. The intense colour offered by this matte velour places the focus strongly onto the silhouette of the upholstered object, emphasising its shape and contours.
Originally designed by Fanny Aronsen, Harald comes in a new colour palette conceived by Raf Simons offering a particularly large selection of vivid keynote tones, including primrose yellow, burnt orange, raspberry, lavender, aubergine and dark mint green, alongside more natural tones. Harald is a durable fabric suitable for use as curtains as well as in upholstery.
- 100% Cotton
- Made in Italy
- Durability Rating 100,000 Martindale
- Pilling Rating 4-5
- Lightfastness Rating 6
Kvadrat Divina Melange 3
By Finn Skødt
Divina Melange is a textile characterised by its lack of texture and nap and consequently the fabric accentuates the dimensions of the furniture, giving prominence to the colours.
Melange means mixture. The original six grey and beige colourways are produced by mixing varying proportions of either black or brown wool with white wool. The different colours of wool are mixed before the garment is spun.
The additional colourways have come about by dipping the two base colours in bold, virtually luminous pigments creating coloured melanges.
- 100% New wool
- Made in the UK
Durability Rating 45,000 Martindale
Pilling Rating 3
Lightfastness Rating 6-7
Marcel Breuer was a Hungarian-born modernist architect, and furniture designer. At the Bauhaus he designed the Wassily Chair and the Cesca Chair, which is considered among the 10 most important chairs of the 20th century.
Breuer extended the sculpture vocabulary he had developed in the carpentry shop at the Bauhaus into a personal architecture that made him one of the world's most popular architects at the peak of 20th-century design. His work includes art museums, libraries, college buildings, office buildings, and residences. Many are in a Brutalist architecture style, including the former IBM Research and Development facility which was the birthplace of the first personal computer.
For over 40 years family-owned Tecta’s mission and responsibility has been to preserve and review the best ideas and designs of modernism as created by the Bauhaus movement in Weimar or Dessau while being driven by the desire to think forward, enhance and adapt them.
Tecta unites craftsmanship, values and family tradition with the Bauhaus school of thought. This is what makes the company so unique with its cycle of developing and cherishing what the Bauhaus movement once taught and merged with traditional craftsmanship. Both today and yesterday.